A guide to realizing if
your child is at-risk, displaying
self-destructive behaviors, and
needs your help and intervention.
Is my teen's BEHAVIOR just normal teenage rebellion?
What are the DRUGS THAT TEENS ARE ABUSING?
What are the WARNING SIGNS
What are the signs of STEROID ABUSE?
What is SUDDEN SNIFFING DEATH?
We live in the suburbs. Why should I be concerned about HEROIN?
How can I help my ADDICTED TEEN?
Certain drugs have become popular
among teens and young adults at dance clubs
and all-night dance parties called 'raves'.
These drugs, collectively termed 'club drugs', include MDMA (Ecstasy), Rohypnol, GHB, ketamine, and LSD.
What is Ecstasy?
MDMA, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, called Ecstasy, X, XTC, Adam, Lover's Speed, Clarity on the street, is a synthetic drug that can produce both stimulant and mild sensory-altering effects. It is similar to the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.
Who uses Ecstasy?
Ecstasy is used most often by young adults and adolescents at clubs, raves (large, all-night dance parties), and rock concerts. Its abuse is increasingly reported in metropolitan areas.
What are the health hazards of using Ecstasy?
Many of the risks are similar to those found with the use of amphetamines and cocaine. Also, Ecstasy can interfere with its own metabolism (breakdown), so repeated use over a short interval of time can lead to especially harmful levels in the body.
What are other signs of use?
Call Now! 1-866-620-1418
Ecstasy also is related in its structure and effects to methamphetamine, which has been shown to cause degeneration of neurons containing the neurotransmitter dopamine. Damage to these neurons is the underlying cause of the motor disturbances seen in Parkinson's disease.
Information provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1-888-NIH-NIDA.
NEXT: Other Club Drugs
by John Townsend
To help teenagers grow into healthy adults, parents and youth workers need to teach them how to take responsibility for their behavior, their values, and their lives. Dr. Townsend gives important keys for establishing healthy boundaries --- the bedrock of good relationships, maturity, safety, and growth for teens and the adults in their lives. Boundaries with Teens offers help in raising teens to take responsibility for their actions, attitudes, and emotions.
More Information on Ecstasy
The Agony of Ecstasy ~ How a suburban party diversion is becoming a dangerous street drug.
Basic Facts About Ecstasy (pdf) ~ First developed as an appetite suppresant in 1914, MDMA was used as a psychotherapeutic tool and also started to become available on the street in the late 70s and early 80s. It wasn't until 1985 that Ecstasy was made illegal. An Ecstasy high can last from 6-24 hours but usually averages 3-4 hours. Some reactions have been reported to persist from one to 14 days after use.
DanceSafe ~ Promotes health and safety within the rave and nightclub community.
Does Ecstasy Cause Parkinson's? ~ This study implicates dopamine neurotoxicity rather than serotonin depletion.
Ecstasy Can Damage Brain ~ The first studies of people who use Ecstasy show that the popular club drug impairs memory and damages the brain mechanisms that regulate sleep, mood and learning.
Ecstasy drug trade turns violent ~ Its primary buyers — and many of its low-level dealers — are teenagers and college kids from middle- and upper-income families.
Ecstasy: Poison or Panacea? ~ As the debate rages on the safety of this drug, a broad section of people have already made up their own minds -- It's worth the risk.
Emergency Department Visits Involving Ectsasy (pdf) ~ The number of drug-related emergency department visits involving MDMA (Ecstasy) increased 74.8 percent from 2004 to 2008.
Hallucinogens ~ Comprehensive article that includes information and photographs of LSD, Ecstasy, peyote, PCP, ketamine, psilocybin.
Herbal 'Ecstasy' ~ Herbal Ecstasy is a term used to describe a combination of herbs that are legal, inexpensive, and marketed as a "natural high." Herbal Ecstasy can be purchased over the counter in drug stores, music stores, and shops around the country.
The Heroin of the Heartland ~ The term drug abuse conjures up images of heroin addicts on big-city streets, but one of the most abused drugs in the country is ecstasy and it's turning up in small towns across America.
The Invention of MDMA or Ecstasy ~ MDMA was patented in 1913 (patent #274.350) by the German chemical company Merck supposedly to be sold as a diet pill (the patent does not mention any intended use), the company decided against marketing the drug and had nothing more to do with it. The US army experimented with MDMA in 1953, possibly as truth serum, they have not revealed their reasons.
Nightly Grind ~ Chronic Ecstasy users are experiencing various severe dental maladies, namely cracking enamel, worn teeth and jaw problems. In fact, retainers are beginning to replace pacifiers as the en vogue look at raves.
Perfect Little Girl ~ Kati was a vibrant young girl who liked school and loved to dance. Then she was introduced to Ecstasy. Kati and her parents recount their struggle for 48 Hours.
Regular Ecstasy Users Risking Loss of Memory ~ Regular users of the drug are inflicting so much damage to their memory they frequently forget simple tasks and routinely lose their train of thought while talking, according to UK research.
Research Report: MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse ~ Information from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Rise Seen in Trafficking of Enhanced Ecstasy ~ Methamphetamine-laced Ecstasy is flowing across the Canadian border into the United States (2008).
Spots mark the Ecstasy health risk ~ Ecstasy users could have an early warning of liver damage and other dangerous side-effects -- an acne-like rash.
Street Terms for Ecstasy ~ From 007s to XTC.
Teens see little risk in Ecstasy ~ Teen use of the drug Ecstasy is leveling off, but the majority of American teenagers say they see no risk in experimenting with the drug.
What is Ecstasy? ~ Overview of Ecstasy from DanceSafe.org.
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